A cramp is a sudden, involuntary muscle contraction or over-shortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause significant pain and paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle. Onset is usually sudden, and it resolves on its own over a period of several seconds, minutes or hours. Cramps may occur in a skeletal muscle or smooth muscle. Skeletal muscle cramps may be caused by muscle fatigue or a lack of electrolytes such as low sodium, low potassium or low magnesium. Cramps of smooth muscle may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.
Causes of Cramps:-
Lack of water in a body is the main reason for cramp.
- Unbalanced Distribution
Lack of liquid in a body is also the main reason for camps like storage of water in a liver can cause cramps and lack of water in muscles is also the reason for cramp.
- Lack of Calcium
Lack of calcium and magnesium is going to activate the nerve and muscles in a body which is the main reason for the cramps. It mainly happens in pregnancy or while you are vomiting due to lack of Vitamin-D
- Lack of Potassium
Lack of potassium in blood can leads to damage in muscles and cause cramps. Diabetes patient has the problem of Potassium and this leads to cramping.
- Lack of Vitamin
Lack of Vitamin-B and Vitamin-D can cause cramp
- Weakness in Heart
Weakness in the heart can cause a loss in the blood of muscles and this leads to cramps.
If you are taking medicines on a regular basis then you can have the problem of cramps.
Ways to prevent from Cramps:-
Do exercise daily in the morning.
- Be Hydrated
Drink lots of water as much as you can.
- Liver issues
If you have liver issues then you must have to check it out.
Consume that type of food that contains calcium, magnesium, and potassium like- banana, green vegetables, sprouts, and fish, etc..
Consume Vitamin-E that will help you to free from cramps.
Take sunbath it will help you intake of Vitamin-D.